AskDefine | Define journalist

Dictionary Definition

journalist

Noun

1 a writer for newspapers and magazines
2 someone who keeps a diary or journal [syn: diarist, diary keeper]

User Contributed Dictionary

see Journalist

English

Noun

  1. A reporter. A person who makes a living reporting on news and current events.
  2. One whose occupation or profession is journalism.

Translations

a reporter; a person who makes a living reporting on news and current events
  • Finnish: toimittaja, journalisti
  • Russian: журналист, репортёр, корреспондент
one whose occupation or profession is journalism
  • Finnish: toimittaja, journalisti
  • Hungarian: újságíró
  • Russian: журналист

Extensive Definition

A journalist (also called a newspaperman) is a person who practises journalism, the gathering and dissemination of information about current events, trends, issues and people.
Reporters are one type of journalist. They create reports as a profession for broadcast or publication in mass media such as newspapers, television, radio, magazines, documentary film, and the Internet. Reporters find sources for their work, their reports can be either spoken or written, and they are often expected to report in the most objective and unbiased way to serve the public good. A columnist is a journalist who writes pieces that appear regularly in newspapers or magazines.
Depending on the context, the term journalist also includes various types of editors and visual journalists, such as photographers, graphic artists, and page designers.
Journalists put the information in their own words, making it creative in their own way so it will catch the reader or viewers attention.

Origin

Modern journalists

Modern media, including the creation of Internet-based news sources and the possibility that citizen journalism will greatly expand the field, has made it all but impossible to identify which journalists are notable, in the sense that they could be identified in the past. The global justice protests in Seattle (1999) gave rise to the independent media movement, exemplified by the Indymedia network, a collective of independent media organizations and hundreds of journalists offering grassroots, non-corporate coverage.

Ethics in journalism

Most journalists in the United States adhere to the standards and norms expressed in the Society of Professional Journalists ethical code. Foremost in the minds of most practicing journalists is the issue of maintaining credibility, "Professional integrity is the cornerstone of a journalist's credibility."

Educating Journalists

Journalists often either receive training directly in the type of news field that they wish to enter, or through various institutions of higher education. From Columbia University and the University of Florida's College of Journalism and Communications on the East Coast of America, to University of Southern California and California State University, Northridge on the West Coast, there is a broad range of options for beginning journalists to choose from when entering the field.
journalist in Afrikaans: Joernalis
journalist in Arabic: صحفي
journalist in Bulgarian: Журналист
journalist in Czech: Novinář
journalist in Danish: Journalist
journalist in German: Journalist
journalist in Dhivehi: ނޫސްވެރިން
journalist in Spanish: Periodista
journalist in Esperanto: Ĵurnalisto
journalist in Persian: خبرنگار
journalist in French: Journaliste
journalist in Friulian: Gjornalist
journalist in Korean: 기자 (직업)
journalist in Indonesian: Wartawan
journalist in Italian: Giornalista
journalist in Hebrew: עיתונאי
journalist in Javanese: Wartawan
journalist in Lithuanian: Žurnalistas
journalist in Dutch: Journalist
journalist in Japanese: ジャーナリスト
journalist in Norwegian: Journalist
journalist in Norwegian Nynorsk: Journalist
journalist in Polish: Dziennikarz
journalist in Romanian: Jurnalist
journalist in Russian: Журналист
journalist in Simple English: Journalist
journalist in Slovenian: Novinar
journalist in Serbian: Новинар
journalist in Finnish: Toimittaja
journalist in Swedish: Journalist
journalist in Tajik: Журналист
journalist in Ukrainian: Журналіст
journalist in Walloon: Gaztî
journalist in Yiddish: זשורנאליסט
journalist in Chinese: 記者

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

anchorman, broadcaster, city editor, columnist, commentator, copy chief, copy editor, copyman, copyreader, correspondent, cub reporter, diaskeuast, editor, editorial writer, feature editor, foreign correspondent, gazetteer, hack, interviewer, leader writer, leg man, managing editor, news editor, newscaster, newsman, newsmonger, newspaperman, newspaperwoman, newswriter, own correspondent, paragrapher, paragraphist, pressman, publicist, reader, reporter, reviser, rewrite man, rewriter, scribe, slotman, sob sister, special correspondent, sports editor, stringer, subeditor, war correspondent
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